Guarulhos is the second largest city in the state of São Paulo and also the most populous non-capital city in the country. It was founded on December 1560 by the Jesuit priest Manuel de Paiva and entitled Nossa Senhora da Conceição. Its origin is linked to five other small villages that were in charge of defending the boundaries of São Paulo de Piratininga Village against the Tamoios, a wild tribe of Indians that lived in that region.
With the big boom of the industrial desctor, a large number of manpower was drawn. This new population settled themselves in urban areas on a continuous process of land occupation. Most of these citizens devoted themselves to industrial activities in Guarulhos and São Paulo. In 1985 the Cumbica Airport was opened. Today it is called international Airport of São Paulo-Guarulhos, the second biggest airport in Latin America.