The former capital of the state of Minas Gerais, 96km from Belo Horizonte, was founded in 1698, when explorers from São Paulo entered Minas Gerais territory looking for gold. In this city began the liberation movement known as Inconfidência Mineira, which intered to free Brazil from Portugal.
Ouro Preto was recognized as part of the Cultural Heritage of Mankind by UNESCO for the importance and grandeur of its baroque architecture and art collection, especially the work of Aleijadinho and Mestre Athaide. Among these is the church of São Francisco de Assis, which is considered a masterpiece of Brazilian baroque, a style reinvented in Brazil, which influenced the most varied aspects of plastic, visual, scenic and literary creation. It is a cradle of the most antique and traditional schools of the state.
Mariana lies only 15 km from Ouro Preto and 112 from Belo Horizonte. Founded in 1696, it is considered a national monument today, and it also made its baroque wealth with the gold taken from its mines and the Carmo stream. Besides its historical and cultural relevance, with many colonial churches and monuments, Mariana has endless natural beauties around it.
On the road between Mariana and Ouro Preto is the “Mina da Passagem” (Passage Mine), deactivaded in 1985. There visitors can see the crystalline waters of an underground river and the narrow galleries where the miners took out the gold, 120 meters underground.
Solar do Rosário